Readers must not mix up Gulika with Mandi. The position of Gulika is obtained thus : Divide the duration of day into 8 equal parts. The first seven parts are ruled by the seven planets beginning from the lord of the weekday concerned. The 8th part has no lord. Suppose the position of Gulika is required on a Friday and suppose the duration of day is 30 ghatis.
Each part is equal to 3 ghatis. In case of a night birth, divide the duration of night into 8 equal parts. The first seven parts are ruled by the seven planets beginning from the lord of 5th weekday from the weekday concerned. The 8th has no lord. Example 9 Find the longitude of Gulika in the Standard Horoscope. Duration of Day, viz.
Weekday of birth is Tuesday. Saturn's part extends from Gh. Brahma In the matter of finding Sthira Dasa art. Brahma is a certain distinction Qualification for Brahma 21 which a planet obtains by virtue of certain qualifications as per details given below t — I. If the lord of the 8th from Atmakaraka is in the 8th therefrom, he becomes qualified for the position of Brahma.
Ascertain whether Lagna or the 7th house is stronger. Call this A. Find the strongest of the lords of the 6th, 8th and 12th from A. Call this B. Exceptions If Saturn, Rahu or Ketu becomes eligible as per article 35 for the place of Brahma, he becomes a nominal Brahma and is automatically disqualified. Selection of Brahma When two or three planets become eligible for the position of Brahma , then select one with higher longitude.
In respect of Rahu, however, the longitude must be measured ftom the last point of the sign. When two planets qualified to become Brahma have the same longi- tude, then select Brahma by Rasi Bala see art. Lords of 6, 8 and 12 from A are Venus, Jupiter and Mars respectively. Jupiter is the strongest because his longitude is the highest B.
Jupiter is in an odd sign and occupies the visible horizon.
Hence Jupiter is Brahma. Maheswara The lord of the 8th house from Atmakaraka is the Maheswara. If the 8th lord from Atmakaraka is exalted or in his own house, then Maheswara would be the stronger of the lords of 8th and 12th from Atmakaraka. When Rahu and Ketu join Atmakaraka or are in the 8th from Atmakaraka, then the 6th planet from the Sun becomes the Maheswara.
When two or more planets compete for the post of Maheswara, choose the strongest one. Example 11 Find Maheswara in the Standard Horoscope. The lord of the 8th from Atmakaraka is Mercury. Hence he is the Maheshwara. Neither the 8th lord is exalted nor is in his own house nor Rahu or Ketu has joined Atmakaraka or the 8th from it.
Consequently there are no other competitors. Rudra The stronger of the lords of the 8th and 2nd from Lagna becomes Rudra. The other, i. The lord of the 8th and 2nd from Lagna are Jupiter and Mercury. Jupiter is stronger than Mercury. Hence Jupiter is Rudra. Aspects in Jaimini So far as Jaimini is concerned, it looks as though the aspect angles are ignored. All movable signs aspect all fixed signs, except the adjacent ones. All fixed signs aspect all movable signs except the adjacent ones. Common signs aspect each other. To be more clear, Aries aspects the fixed signs of Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius and not Taurus, an adjacent sign.
The various aspects can be thus summarised to facilitate easy understanding. Cancer, Libra and Capricorn. Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces. Capricorn aspects Aquarius aspects Sagittarius, Pisces and Gemini. Aquarius, Taurus and Leo. Capricorn, Aries and Cancer. Pisces, Gemini and Virgo. Taurus, Leo and Scorpio. Aries, Cancer and Libra. Gemini, Virgo and Sagittarius. Range of Aspect In other words a Chara Rasi or a planet in it aspects the 5th, 8th and 11th from it. Cancer and Libra and Kuja and Ketu in it.
Argalas Planets and Rasis aspect other planets and signs according to their dispositions. These aspect influences are affected for good or bad by the presence, from an as- pecting lord or sign, of planets in certain places. Formation of Argala Planets in the 4th, 2nd, 11th and 5th from an aspect- ing body except Ketu cause or become Argalas. Lords who are in the 9th from Ketu become Argalas. Benefic Argalas Natural benefics in the above-mentioned place act as Benefic Argalas or augmentary agents. Malefic Argalas Natural malefics in the places mentioned in article 44 function as Malefic Argalas or obstructing agents.
Natural malefics in the 3rd can also become Argalas. The interpretation of the sutra bearing on this particular point by the commentators is neither clear nor convincing. The consensus of opinion is that Argala could be caused only when there ar e many malefics in the 3rd and not when there arc one or two. Argala Counteraction 27 Counteraction of Argaias The Argaias, generated by the disposition of planets in the 4th, 2nd, 11th and 5th from an aspecting lord or house, get neutralised or counteracted by the simultaneous presence of planets in the 10th, 12th, 3rd or 9th respec tively from the aspecting body concerned.
With reference to Ketu a planet in the 5th removes the Argala given rise to by the presence of a planet in the 9th. It will be seen that the Argala. It is a purely Malefic Argala, which could be given rise to only when there are a number of malefics. Significance of Argalas Fortunate results will be conferred in the Dasas see article of Rasis in which Benefic Argalas are caused. Evil results will befall during Dasas of Rasis in which Papargalas have been centered. If the Benefic Argalas have reference to, i. Argala Chakra This can be cast by taking into consideration the Argala caused with reference to each Rasi by the presence of planets in places mentioned in article Thus if in a horoscope, from Aries, a planet is in the 4tb, causing Argala we can put the planet in Aries in the Argala Chakra.
Example 14 Find the Argalas and their neutralisation in the Standard Horoscope. Taking the Sun in the Standard Horoscope, we find that the 4th and 2nd are vacant. The 3rd is not occupied by a large number of malefics. The fifth is occupied by Venus, causing Subhargala.
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The Malefic Argala caused by Saturn in the 5th from the Sun is neutralised by the presence of Mars in the 9th. The Benefic Argala caused by Venus in the 11th is neutralised by the presence of the Moon and Ketu in the 3rd. Those enclosed in brackets are the counteracting ones. Planets in italics are those that have actually asserted their counteracting influences. Take MesBa in the above chart. Ravi, Budha and Guru have caused Argalas which though counteracted by Sani have not been completely neutralised.
Role of AtmaKaraka Planet in Horoscope
Take Vrishabha. Argala is caused by Sani, but it is coun- teracted by the Moon. The Moon being stronger than Sani because of having lesser longitude , there is com- plete neutralisation of the Argala. Take Mithuna. Argala has been generated by a Rahu and Chandra and b Kuja and Ketu. That caused by Rahu and Chandra has not been obstructed.
But the Argala caused by Kuja and Ketu because of their positions in the 5th from Mithuna has been cancelled by Ravi. Budha and Guru because of their position in the 9th from Mithuna. But actually, the Argala influence is not cancelled in toto because of the Argala producing bodies, e g. Planetary Argalas in the Standard Horoscope. Sani — Ravi, Budha, Guru Planets in italics have caused Argalas but there is no neutralisation either because of the weakness of the coun- teracting planet or the obsence of the counteracting planet in the appropriate place.
Take for instance Mars. Argala is eaused by Ravi, Budha and Guru in the 5th. Though a planet is situated in the 9th, he cannot neutralise the Argala completely because of the fact of his being weak and isolated. Note for instance the Argala caused to the 7th house by the situation of the Sun, Mercury and Jupiter. The native was wealthy, fortunate and influential.
Sources of Strength In Parasari, the strength of a planet is numerically measurable, and consists of six kinds or varieties. These have been explained at considerable length in my book Graha and Bhava Balas and I do not therefore propose to say anything about this subject in the course of this book. Determination of Shadbalas involves elaborate calcula- tions. Jaimini on the other hand dispenses with all cum- bersome calculations and the methods formulated for ascertaining planetary and house strengths are simple.
In the determination of longevity, planetary and house strengths play an important role. A careful study of the relevant sutras reveals that the subject of Rasi strengths can be classified into six Rasi Strength 33 distinct categories, viz. We shall explain each one of these clearly. For an improvised method of my own, I would refer the readers to article Atmakaraka Strength Since Atmakaraka is the most important planet in a horoscope, the Rasi holding him becomes the strongest. Association Strength This is based upon the presence or absence of planets in a Rasi and the Rasi strength is measured thus: a A Rasi occupied by a planet is stronger than a Rasi that have no planet in it.
Thus, if two Rasis have two planets in each, and one planet is neecha in one Rasi and the other planet is uchha in the other Rasi, then the Rasi with the uchha planet becomes the stronger.
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Strength due to Lord Out of two Rasis, that whose lord has greater strength as per articles 59 and 60 becomes stronger. Strength of Odd Rasis When it is a question of measuring the strengths of two Rasis both of which arc odd, that which has planets on either side should be considered the stronger of the two. Atmakaraka Disposition Strength Rasis, whose lords occupy Kendra, Panapara and Apoklima from Atmakaraka, get full strength, half strength and feeble strength respectively.
Sources of Planetary Strength There are two sources of planetary strength, viz. Amsa Bala Amsa means longitude and bala means strength. A planet whose longitude from the beginning of the sign is greater than that of another planet, becomes stronger than the latter. The Sun is stronger than Mars. Planetary Strength 33 Moolathrikona Bala This has reference to the situation of a planet in an inimical satrukshetra , debilitated neecha , neutral sama , friendly mithrakshetra , own swakshetra , moolathrikona or exaltation uchha Rasis.
A planet in exaltation becomes the strongest and that in debilitation the weakest, the strength decreasing from exaltation to debilitation in the descending order thus : Exaltation, Moolathrikona, own sign, friendly sign, neutral sign, inimical sign and debilitation sign. In applying the rules for the determination of planetary strengths, the order mentioned above should be observed. As in ordinary Astrology, one has to make a careful study of the principles, understand them thoroughly and then apply them to a number of horoscopes so that one could get sufficient practical experience.
Aries and Libra : — a Both have two planets each and both are Chara. Thula is stronger than Mesha. Hence Libra is stronger than Mesha. Dhanus aspected by Saturn, a neutral. Hence Dhanus is stronger than Mithuna. Aquarius :— Has the largest number of planets besides being occupied by Atmakaraka.
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Both Sun and Mercury are also posited here. Consequently it is the strongest Rasi. It occurs to me that unless some method, akin to the one suggested by Parasara, is devised, it would be rather difficult to categorically say, which is the strongest or which is the weakest Rasi. The whole technique of Dasa prediction according to Jaimini hinges on the Rasis and their relative strengths. Based upon the principles adumbrated in articles 52 to 61 and making a slight departure from Jaimini, or to be more correct, adapting the relevant principles from Parasari, I have devised the following improvised method of numerically determining the strengths of the various Rasis.
Readers must clearly bear in mind that the method is offered as a possible solution of the problem of evaluating strengths and it may be rejected by those who may find the method An Improvised Method 37 arbitrary or who may not favour the idea of the slightest departure from Jaimini. It is given for what it is worth. We can therefore say that the total strength of Rasi is the a sum of its own strength plus b that of the lord.
We shall take up these two items separately. Here the reference is only to Rasi Chart. The lord of a sign whose strength is to be found may occupy an exaltation place, Moolathrikona, own house, etc. We can assign for these different situations the following numerical values in terms of shashtiamsas : — Exaltation Amsa Bala By Amsa is meant tbe degree of longitude held by a planet. According to article 60 a planet with a higher longitude is stronger than a planet with a lower longitude. Extending the same principle further, we can say that the planet holding the highest longitude would be the strongest and the one with the lowest the weakest, the strength decreasing in the descending order of the longitudes.
Excluding the nodes, we have seven planets whose lord- ship alone over the 12 signs is considered for purposes of strength-determination. As the planet with the highest longitude would be the strongest we could arbitrarily assign 60 shashtiamsas as its Amsa bala while for the weakest 3. The least advanced Therefore, we can assign the following values as Kendra bala : — A planet in a Kendra from Atmakaraka— 60 shashtiamsas.
A planet in a Panapara from Atmakaraka — 30 shashtiamsas. A planet in an Apoklima from Atmakaraka — 15 shashtiamsas. His Moolathrikona bala is 7. Hence his Amsa bala is 7. His Kendra bala is The total strength of the Sun is : Moolathrikona We can therefore assign the following values of strength : — Dwiswabhava Rasi Sthira Rasi Druk Bala This has reference to article A Rasi aspected by or associated with its own lord, or Jupiter or Mercury is rendered strong.
We can therefore say that when a Rasi is aspected by or associated with Jupiter, it gets a Druk bala of 60 units. Mercury, it gets a Druk bala of 60 units. Its own lord, it gets a Druk bala of 60 units. Sthira Bala A Rasi with two planets is stronger than the one with one planet.
That with three is stronger than that with two and so on. There are seven lords and 2 nodes. Very rarely do more than 7 planets and Rahu or Ketu can slay in a single sign. We can therefore arbitarily assign the following numerical values : —. Strength of Raiis 41 When 8 planets are in a sign Its Chara bala is 15 shashtiamsas. Therefore, Sthira bala is 75 shashtiamsas. C0 Thus in the Standard Horoscope, the total strength of Mesha is : Strength of lord Special Strength In addition to the above, a Rasi can get 60 shashti- amsas of special strength if it happens to house the Atma- karaka.
This is generally got by only one Rasi. Example 18 Find the total strength of Rasis in the Standard Horoscope. Exceptions Where the Sage has specifically mentioned that the strength of a Rasi for purposes of certain specific predic- tions, should be determined according to the longitudes covered by the lords, etc-, the method suggested above should not be applied at all.
A little oversight may upset the whole scheme of a parti- cular Dasa and lead the student into erroneous deductions. One must therefore be careful in checking and rechecking the Dasa calulations before attempting predictions. Choice of Dasa No definite clue is given by the Sage as to the specific conditions under which the different Dasas should be applied for purposes of prediction.
As most readers would perhaps be aware, whilst Parasara mentions a variety of Dasas, the pride of place is invariably given to Vimshottari and ex- perience warrants this. My grandfather late Prof. Suryanarain Rao used to tell me that Chara Dasa and Thrikona Dasa could be applied to all horoscopes and that all important human events could be timed with sufficient accuracy with the aid of Navamsa Dasa, while for longevity purposes, his choice was Chara Dasa or Niryana Shula Dasa. Since Astrology is a practical science, dogmatic assertions, as to the suitability of this or that system of Dasa, just because it is a favourite of an eminent scholar are uncalled for.
The choice must be left to the discretion of the intelligent reader who should be guided not only by his own experience but by that of scholars who have made a life-long study of the subject. This conclusion is, of course, based upon my own meagre studies. Chara Dasa This particular system appears to be a favourite with the Sage.
Rasis have been divided in to two groups, viz. The Appropriate Dasa 47 For purposes of clarity, we shall use the terms Savya group and Apasavya group to denote the signs mentioned in articles 76 and 77 respectively. When the 9th from Lagna refers to a sign in the Apasavya group, the order of Dasa in succession would be the reverse or anti-clockwise direction, the first Dasa being that of Lagna Rasi. Suppose for example two cases where a Mcsha and b Kataka are Lagnas.
In the first case, the 9th house from Lagna, viz. The first and succeeding Dasas would be in the order of Mesha, Vrishabba, etc. In the second case, the 9th house from Lagna Karkataka is Pisces, belonging to Apasavya group. The first and succeeding Dasas would be in the order of Kataka, Mithuna, Vrishabha, etc.
Dasa Period The period of a Chara Dasa is not constant. It is variable according to the situation of a lord with reference to his Rasi. The Dasa period of a Rasi is equal to n — 1 where n represents the distance in terms of Rasis bet- ween the Rasi in question and the lord thereof, counted 48 Studies in Jaiznini Astrology clockwise or anti-clockwise, according as the concerned Rasi belongs to the Savya or Apasavya group. The 9th from Lagna, viz.
Consequently, the succession of Dasas, the first always starting from Lagna, would be in the direct order. The lord of Mesha, viz. Since Mesha also belongs to Savya group, counting in the direct order from Mesha to Simha, we get n equal to 5. Its lord Venus is in Vrischika. Therefore the distance n from Vrishabha to Vrischika counted in the direct order is 7 and the Dasa period of Vrishabha is in— I 6 years. The next Dasa Mithuna can also be similarly calculated.
Now to ascertain the duration of Karkataka Dasa. Cancer falls in the Apasavya group. The lord Moon is in Simha. The counting from Cancer must be in the reverse direction, which in this case would be 12 n and the period of Cancer Dasa would be II years n—1. Consequently the first Dasa starting from Lagna Makara Dasa is succeeded by subsequent Dasas in the reverse order, viz. To find the duration of Makara Dasa.
Its lord Sani is in Simha. Therefore counting directly from Dhanus to Mesha, we get n equal to 5. In a similar manner Dasa periods for other Rasis should 1 be ascertained. Further Variations of Dasa Duration Ordinarily the Dasa period is denoted by the formula given in the article But the period js increased or decreased according to certain benefic and melefic disposi- tions of the lords. Thus if a Rasi is occupied by its own lord, then the Dasa period would be 12 years.
If the Rasi lord is exalted, the Rasi Dasa period obtained as per article 79 should be increased by one year. If the Rasi lord is debilitated, the Rasi Dasa period is diminished by one year. Variations due to Dual Lordship It will be seen that in tbe scheme of Jaimini, Kumbha and Vrischika are ruled by two planets each. In determining the Dasa period of Kumbha and Vrischika in view of their double lordship, certain special con- siderations are necessary.
The Dasa period of Vrischika will be as per article The Dasa period of Kumbha will be as per article The Dasa period of Vrischika will be decided by Ketu as per article If both the lords are associated with other planets, prefer the one with the greater number of associates. When both the lords have an equal number of associates, prefer the one with Rasibala by taking into consideration the Chara, Sthira and Dwiswabhava nature of the Rasi rasitaha pranaha.
Sthira being stronger than Chara and Dwi- swabhava being stronger than Sthira. If the two lords appear equal in strength, even according to Rasibala, then prefer the lord who gives thejarger number of years. If per chance the lord who gives the larger number of years is over-debilitated and the other lord is exalted, prefer the latter, increasing Ihe period by one year as per article Order of Dasas : — The 9th from Lagna is Makara.
It belongs to Apasavya group. Therefore, the first Dasa starting from Lagna, viz. Dasa Periods Let us take the first Rasi Dasa, viz. It falls in the Savya group Article There- fore the counting must be in the direct order. The lord of Vrishabha, viz. It falls in the Savya group. The counting must be in the direct order. The third Dasa is that of Meena. The counting must therefore be in reverse order.
Jupiter, lord of Meena, is in the 2nd n from Meena counted back- wards. Let us take Kumbha, a sign of dual lordship. Hence prefer Rahu article Kumbha falls in Apasavya group. Therefore counting from Kumbha to the sign occupied get n as Therefore the dutsation of Kumbha Dasa is II— 1 - 10 years. Taking Vrischika, another sign of dual lordship, we find that both Kuja and Ketu are in conjunction. Therefore as per article 83, we have to simply count in the direct order as Vrischika refers to Savya group from Vrischika to Thula where Kuja and Ketu are in conjunction.
Therefore there is no increase or decrease of any Dasa period given above. Consequently, the first Dasa, starting from Lagna, viz. Dasa Periods Taking the first Dasa Rasi, vir. Saturn and Rahu are neither in conjunction nor in their own sign- They occupy different signs. Therefore applying article 86, we have to prefer Saturn, as he is associated with a planet. Therefore counting in the reverse order from Kumbha to Saturn we get n as Its lord Jupiter is in Scorpio. Counting from Meena in the reverse direction to the place of Jupiter we get 5 as n.
Let us take Cancer- Its lord Moon is in Taurus. Counting from Cancer to Moon in the reverse order as Cancer belongs to Apasavya group we get n as 3. As lord of Cancer is exalted, the period of 2 years is to be increased by one more year vide article Therefore the Dasa period of Cancer is 3 years. Taking again Vrischika, a sign ruled by two lords, viz.
Bhukthis In Chara Dasa Determination of the order of succession of the sub- periods in a Rasi Dasa is based on the same principle that is employed in deciding the order of succession of main Dasa from the first Dasa. If the 9th falls in an Apasavya group, then the Bhukthis succeed in the reverse direction, the first Bhukthi being that of the 2nd Rasi in the reverse direction from the Dasa Rasi concerned.
Suppose sub- periods in Vrishabha Rasi-Dasa are required. The 9th from Vrishabha, viz. Consequently, the first sub-period will be that of the 2nd Rasi considered in the reverse order from Taurus, viz. Suppose sub-periods from Mesha Rasi Dasa are required. Hence the order of succession is direct. The first sub-period would be that of the 2nd Rasi direct count from Mesha, viz. Duration of Sub-periods As the number of periods is 12, the duration of a sub- period would be one-twelfth of the duration of a Dasa period.
Thus in the Standard Horoscope, the Dasa period of Vrishabha being 7 years, each sub-period or Bhukthi extends for 7 months. As the 9th from Vrishabha refers to the Apasavya group, the succession of Bhukthis is in the converse order, the first Bhukthi being that of the 2nd from Vrishabha viz. The following are the sub-periods in Vrishabha Rasi : — asa Bhukthi y. Therefore the succession of Bhukthis will be in the direct order.
The first Bhukthi would be that of Vrishabha, the 2nd from Mesha. Vrishabha 0 6 0 do. Mithuna 0 6 0 do. Kataka 0 6 0 do. Simha 0 6 0 do. Kanya 0 6 0 do. Tbula 0 6 0 do. Vrischika 0 6 0 do. Dhanus 0 6 0 do. Makara 0 6 0 do. Kumbha 0 6 0 do. Meena 0 6 0 do. Sthira Dasa As the name implies, the periods of Sthira Dasa are fixed and they are not variable. Sthira Dasa is held to be very important in determining Maraka or death. Dasa Periods For purposes of Sthira Dasa calculation, the twelve signs of the Zodiac have been divided into three groups, according to the Chara, Sthira and Dwiswabhava nature of the signs.
Calculation of Sthira Dasa Two views are expressed as regards the commencement of the Dasa. According to one view, Sthira Dasa starts from Lagna or the 7th whichever is stronger. This view is not supported by Parasara. Parasara clearly supports this view. Therefore the first Sthira Dasa starts from the Rasi occupied by Brahma and the subsequent Sthira Dasas succeed in the regular order.
Some say that if the starting Dasa Rasi is odd, the order of succession would be direct. If it is even, the order would be in the reverse direction. As Brahma Graha Jupiter is in Aquarius, the 1st Dasa begins from that sign, the duration being 8 years. The next Dasas run in the order of Meena, Mesha, etc.
Thrikona Dasa Determine the strongest out of the Lagna, the 5th and the 9th. The first Dasa will start from it. The order of succession will be direct or converse according as the starting Rasi refers to Savya or Apasavya group. If the Thrikona Dasa 59 1st Dasa Rasi refers to Savya group, then the subsequent Dasa will succeed in the direct order in the following manner: — 2nd Dasa The 2nd Dasa would be that of the 2nd Thrikona the 5th , the 3rd Dasa, that of Kumbha 9th the 4th, that of Karkataka 2nd and soon. When the first Rasi refers to Apasavya group, then the subsequent Dasas succeed just as mentioned above but in the reverse order.
Thus if the 1st Dasa is that of Karkataka, the 3rd Dasa would be that of the 5th from it counted anti-clockwise , viz. Span of Thrikona Dasa The span of a Thrikona Dasa should be ascertained by applying the same method as is done in the case of Chara Dasa, i. Consequently the count must be anti-clockwise.
Out of Lagna, the 5th and 9th, we find the 5th Rasi is the strongest as its numerical strength is The first Thrikona Dasa must therefore start from Kanya. Kanya belongs to Apasavya group, and the order of succession of Dasas is reverse. The span of Dasa periods would be the same as in the case of Chara Dasa, as the undelrying principle is the same. The first Dasa is that of Kanya, the 2nd that of Vrishabha the 5th from 1st reckoned conversely , the 3rd that of Makara the 9th , the 4th that of Simha the 2nd and reckoning in a similar manner, we could tabulate the Dasas as follows : — Thrikona Dasas in the Standard Horoscope Rasi Years Kanya Sub-periods in Tbrikona Dasa The duration of a sub-period is one-twelfth of the duration of a major period.
The order of succession of sub-periods would be just as the order of succession of Dasas. If the Rasi for which sub-periods are required belongs to Savya group, the sub-periods will succeed in the direct order, the first period being that of the Dasa Rasi, the 2nd being that of the 5th Rasi, the 3rd being that of the 9th Rasi, the 4th being that of the 2nd Rasi, etc. If the Dasa Rasi for which sub-periods are required refers to Apasavya group, then also the above order holds good, but in the reverse direction. Take for instance Cancer. The first sub-period would be that of Cancer, the 2nd would be that of the 5th counted back- wards viz.
Dhanus refers to Savya group. The reckoning there- fore is in the direct order. The first sub-period would be that of Dhanus, the 2nd that of Mesha the 5th from the 1st , the 3rd that of Simha, etc. Dhanus ,,, Dhanus Mithuna - 0 2 0 do. As Makara balongs to Apasavya group, the reckoning of sub- periods should be in the reverse order. The first sub-period is that of Makara, the 2nd that of Kanya the 5th counted backwards from Makara , the 3rd that of Vrishabha and so on as follows: — - Sub-periods in the Thrikona Dasa of Makara Dasa Bhukthi y m.
Kanya 0 7 0 do. Vrishabha 0 7 0 do. Dhanus 0 7 0 do. Mesha 0 7 0 do. Simha 0 7 0 do. Vrischika 0 7 0 do. Kataka 0 7 0 do. Meena 0 7 0 do. Thula 0 7 0 do. We have already explained in article 22 how to calculate Varnada Lagna. In the same manner, Varnadas for the 2nd, 3rd and other Bbavas should be calculated. If the Lagna is odd, the order of Dasa would be direct; if even, reverse. Different com- mentators have expressed different opinions as to the starting and reckoning of Varnada Dasa and I do not pro- pose to deal with these controversial matters in a book mainly intended for the students of astrology.
According to some, the Dasa must start either from Lagna or from Hora Lagna whichever is stronger. I take my clue from Sutra 16 of Pada 3 of Adhyaya IV in which Jaimini suggests that Varnada Dasa should commence from Lagna and run in the direct order if Lagna is an odd sign, and from the 12th and run in the reverse order, if Lagna is an even sign. The counting of the Dasa should also be direct or otherwise depending upon the odd or even nature of the rising sign.
If, on the other hand, the Lagna were to be Vrishabha and Varnada Lagna Kanya, then the first Varnada Dasa would be that of Mesha, its duration being 8 years the distance from the 12th from Lagna to Varnada Lagna, counted backwards. The 2nd Varnada Dasa, in the case of aD odd sign, would be that of the second Rasi, its duration being equivalent to the distance between Lagna and the 2nd Varnada Rasi reckoned directly. In case Lagna is an even sign, the 2nd Dasa would be that of 3rd Rasi from Lagna or the 2nd 64 Studies in Jaimini Astrolog Rasi from 12th counted in the anti-clockwise direction the duration being the distance in terms of signs betweei the Lagna and 2nd Varnada counted in the reverse order Summing up, when Lagna is odd, the order of Dast would be direct.
The span of a Varnada Dasa would be the interval between Lagna and the Varnada concerned in the direct order when the Lagna is odd. When the Lagna is even, the order would be converse and the duration of Varnada Dasa would be equivalent to the internal between. Since Janma Lagna is even, the order of Dasa is converse and the counting will be from the 12th, i. The first Varnada Dasa is that of Mesha the 12th from Vrishabha. Counting from the 12th from Janma Lagna to Varanda in the reverse order we get 5 as the span of Varnada Dasa.
Similarly, the 2nd Dasa will be that of Meena. The 2nd Varnada is Vrishabha. Counting from the 12th from Janma Lagna to Vrishabha, the sign of 2nd Varnada vve get 12 as the duration of Meena Varnada. Mesha Varnada — — 5 0 0 Meena Varnada — — 12 0 0 If Lagna is even the Dasa commences from the 7th from Brahma Rasi and the order of succession is in the reverse Brahma Dasa 65 order. The span of a Dasa, irrespective of the order of succession being direct or indirect, is equivalent to the number of Rasis intervening between the Rasi in question and the Rasi where the 6th lord from the concerned Rasi is situated.
The distinction between Sthira Dasa and Brahma Dasa is that in the former scheme, the periods are fixed, though commencing from Brahma, while the latter no doubt commences from Brahma or the 7th from it, but the periods are variable. T he ague is Vrisbabha an even sign. Brahma is in Kumbha. Therefore the first Brahma Dasa commences from Simha the 7th from Brahma and runs in the anti- clockwise order, viz.
The 6th lord from Simha, viz. The lord of the 6th from the next Dasa Rasi, viz,, Jupiter is in the 8th from Cancer. Hence the Dasa of Karkataka extends for 7 years. Similarly considered for other Rasis, we get the following spans : — Brahma Dasas in the Standard Horoscope Simha Karkataka Mithuna Vrishabha Mesha 10 0 0 7 0 0 4 0 0 7 0 0 10 0 0 J 66 Studies in Jaimini Astrology Meena Kumbha Makara Dhanus Vrischika Thula Kanya 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 12 0 0 0 4 0 0 9 0 0 Some are of opinion that in the counting of the span, direct and reverse order should be followed according as the Lagna is odd or even.
Yogardha Dasa The first Dasa starts from the Lagna or the 7th whichever is stronger. The order of Dasa succession would be direct or converse according as the Rasi of the starting Dasa is odd or even. Of the Lagna and the 7th, Lagna is stronger because Vrishabba's total strength is more than that of Vrischika. Therefore the first Yogardha Dasa would be that of Vrishabha. Similarly reckoned, the following are the Yogardha Dasas and their duration : — Niryana Sula Dasa 67 y.
Explanations by commentators are vague as to the method and scope of calculating Niryana Sula Dasa. I am therefore giving the most popular method. If the Lagna is an odd sign, the Dasa must start from Lagna. If the Lagna is an even sign, the Dasa starts from the 7th. The order is direct or converse according as the Lagna is odd or even. The duration of each Dasa is 9 years. The Dasa must start from the 7th, viz.
The span of Dasa is 9 years. The following is the order, etc. Vrischika ,. The duration of each Dasa is 9 years, It starts from the 7th from Maraka Rasi and succeeds directly or conversely according as Lagna is odd or even and Maraka is said to happen when the Dasa reaches the Maraka Rasi, which it generally does when the age is from 54 to Hence in actual practice it cannot be applied to Purnayu horoscopes.
Parasara has given a number of Dasas but only two, viz. Even out of these two, the most popular is of course the Vimshottari.
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Similarly with regard to Jaimini, even though the Sage deals with a number of Dasas, sometimes casually hinting that a parti, cular Dasa system should be applied for making predictions pertaining to a particular Bhava, Chara Dasa, Thrikona Dasa and Sthira Dasa, when properly studied and nnderstood, should enable us to predict almost all events. It is for students with an investigative bent of mind to apply the various Dasas and pick out the best and the most satisfactory one. General Observations Longevity determination has always been a hard nut to crack.
Several methods, predictive as well as mathe- matical, are in vogue but the mathematical methods seem to hardly work in actual practice. Of the predictive methods, rules for Maraka determination plus the Gochara dispositions would enable one to anticipate the probable duration of life fairly accurately. In these pages, I have confined myself to the discussion of just those principles, which, in my humble opinion, could be safely relied upon for accuracy. It is superfluous for me to remind readers that these Studies are not a literal presentation of all the Jaiminian principles but a summary of the essentials which 1 have had the occasion to test with considerable satisfaction.
The various methods suggested by Jaimini have been grouped by me into three Different Terms 71 kinds which fpr the sake of convenience, I would call A, B and C. Terms of Longevity All astrological writers divide the span of human life into three distinct categories, viz. But the terms allotted vary with regard to different authors. But the most commonly accepted terms for purposes of application of Jaimini are : Alpayu upto 32 years, Madhyayu 33 to 64 years and Deerghayu 65 to years. Method One Three sets of two factors each are employed for as- certaining longevity.
Alpayu Short life is indicated if out of two factors of a set art. The reckoning should be made in respect of all the three sets of factors. The term of longevity for Alpayu is 32 years. Madhyayu Middle life or Madhyayu is indicated if out of the two factors a one is in Chara and the other is in Sthira, b one in Sthira and the other in Chara or c both in Dwiswabhava. The term of Madhyayu is 64 years.
Purnayu This is caused, if of the two factors a both are in Chara, b one is in Sthira and the other in Dwiswabhava, and c one in Dwiswabhava and the other in Sthira. The term of Purnayu is considered to be by some and by others. But we propose to consider years for purposes of illustrating Jaimini's principles. Reconciling Contradictory Results If two or all the three sets of factors reveal the same term of life, then it must be accepted. If each set reveals different terms, then preference should be given to the term of life denoted by Lagna and Hora Lagna.
If, however, when three different terms are obtained, and the Moon is in Lagna or the 7th, the term of longevity indicated by Lagna and the Moon should be preferred. Call the longevity obtained according to this method as A. Calculation of Exact Longevity After ascertaining the term of life— Alpayu, Madhyayu or Purnayu — to which a particular nativity belongs, the exact number of years can be calculated thus. If suppos- ing Madhyayu is indicated ; the full term of 66 years is granted, provided the lords of Lagna and the 8th are at the beginning of the respective signs occupied by them.
If however they happen to be in the last degree of the Rasis concerned, they give zero years in the term and death may take place at the close of Alpayu. If they are in the intermediate positions, the years given by them should be ascertained separately by rule of three. The gum of the yean given by the two factors lords of Lagna Exact Longevity 73 and the 8th divided by 2 would be the actual number of years gained in that particular category of Ayurdaya or longevity.
The actual quota given by these two lords is the mean of the sum of the years separately given. Method Two a Find out the stronger of the lords of the 8th from Lagna and the 8th from the 7th, According as the 74 Studies in Jaimini Astrology lord is in a Kendra, Patapara or Apoklima, the term of life would be long, medium or short. Call the longevity obtained according to this method as B. Method Three Apply the above rules in respect of the stronger of the lords of the 8th from Atmakaraka and the 8th from the 7th from Atmakaraka and ascertain the term of life.
Call the longevity obtained as C. If, however, the Atmakaraka occupies the 9th from Lagna, Alpayu becomes Purnayu and vice versa but Madhyayu remains as such. There is a suggestion in III, Pada 2, that in determin- ing longevity, the Lagna and Atmakaraka should also be considered in the same manner as Lagna and Chandra.
Observations As in Parasari, quite a number of methods are given by Jaimini for ascertaining longevity. There is no hint anywhere as to the suitability or otherwise of any particular method under any particular horoscopic conditions. It occurs to me therefore that from a practi- cal point of view, the following procedure may be adopted. Find out the terms of life according to A, B and C, and declare that term which is revealed by the majority of considerations. A Suggestion 75 Conditions for Kaksha Vriddhi There will be Kaksha Vriddhiwhen any one of the following conditions are present, a The Lagna and the 7th have been hemmed in between benefics.
Kaksha Hrasa This means a particular term of longevity being reduced to the next lower one, thus Purnayu becoming Madhyayu and Madhyayu becoming Alpayu. Conditions for Kaksha Hrasa There will be Kaksha Hrasa, a when either the 8th lord from Lagna or the 8th lord from the 7th becomes or joins the Atmakaraka, 6 when Lagna and the 7th are hemmed in between malefics or have malefics disposed in Trikonas, c when Atmakaraka or the 7th from Atma- karaka is between malefics or has malefics disposed in Trines, and d when Atmakaraka being a malefic it debilitated or associated with malefics.
Rati Vriddhi This means increase of longevity by a Rasi. If the places suggested for benefics for Kaksha Vriddhi in art. Rasl Hrasa This means the decrease of longevity by one Rasi Dasa. Rasi Hrasa will be caused when Sani occupies the places suggested for malefics for Kaksha Hrasa. Example 29 Find out the longevity in the Standard Horoscope. V the same term, viz. The horoscope belongs to Madhyayu category : A. Method 2 : Lord of 8th from Lagna is Jupiter. Lord of 8th from 7th is Mercury. Jupiter is more powerful than Mercury according to Rasi Bala.
Jupiter occupies a Kendra. Method 3 : Lord of 8th from Atmakaraka is Mercury. Lord of 8th from the 7th from Atmakaraka— Jupiter. Jupiter is more powerful than Mercury. Jupiter himself is Atmakaraka and is in a Kendra from Lagna. Term of Life — Purnayu: C. Atmakaraka is not in the 9th from Lagna. Hence no further correction is necessary. Reductions 77 V Tbc horoscope belongs to the category of Purnayu as rvealed by 2 and 3. There is neither Kaksba Vriddhi nor Kaksha Hrasa because factors for and against counterbalance each other.
The 8th lord from Lagna is Atmakaraka. Mark for instance the itrong disposition of Atmakaraka in the Standard Horos- cope. He is in Kendra from Lagna and is the strongest planet in the horoscope because of the strength of the Rasi he is in. When the Atmakaraka is so strongly posi- ted, no matter, whatever be the other factors, the native will have full life. The Main Period of Death A number of combinations have been mentioned for predicting the probable time of death. Some scholars are of opinion that any of the Dasas mentioned by Jaimini could be applied provided one is thorough with the technique.
Still others hold that only Shula Dasa should be made use of for predicting death. There is also a school of thought according to which Navamsa Dasa and Sthira Dasa should alone be employed for purposes of ascertaining Maraka period. It is our personal view, and this may be taken for what it is worth, that in determining Maraka, Sthira Dasa and Shula Dasa may be tried with 78 Studies in Jaimini Astrology fair chances of success. I give below some select prin- ciples bearing on Maraka determination.
That is when the term of life is Madhya, and the 7th is occupied by Sani, death can happen in the 1st part of Madhyayu; if Rahu is in the 7th, in the 2nd part of Madhyayu ; if Ketu is in the 7th, in the third part. This principle is applicable to all the three terms. Here the reference is to the Navamsa Dasa. Thus if a person has Purnayu and the death-inflicting Rasi Dasa rules before commencement of Purnayu term, then death does not take place. That is, if supposing three Rasis become marakas, all being equal in strength. The native has Purnayu. Suppose the Dasa of 2 planets come before Purnayu and that of other during the course of Purnayu.
Then the Maraka will be the Rasi whose Dasa falls within the Purnayu span. The Sob-period of Death a In the course of a Maraka Dasa, death can be brought about in the sub-Dasa of the strongest of the lord of 6th, 2nd and I2th from Atmakaraka, i. Suppose Maraka Rasi is Cancer.
The lord of this, and that of the 6th from it are the Moon and Jupiter respectively. Then in the Maraka Dasa con- cerned, death can happen in the sub-periods of Meena and Thula. When the 8th lord from Lagoa is exalted, there will be a gain of one Navamsa Rasi Dasa, i e. Tn such a circumstance, death takes place in Navamsa Dasa of Rasis, which are in a trikona from lords of Lagna and 8th or in the Navamsa Dasa of the Rasi occupied by the lord.
Applying the principles given in articles and Death is likely in the Dasa of the strongest of the three Rasis, viz. Ex CO Taurus is hemmed in between malefics. Hence Taurus is also a death inflicting Rasi. Dhanus has a malefic disposed in the 8th. Hence it is a death-inflicting Rasi. Dhanus is dovoid of aspects except that of Saturn but is associated with Venus. Hence it acquires Maraka power. He occupies Kumbha. Therefore Kumbha can become a maraka sign. Thus the following Rasis have acquired death-inflicting power : — b Dbanus. Dhanus becomes by far the most powerful Rasi capable of causing death in its Dasa.
As regards the sub- period vide article the strongest of the lords of 6th Moon , 2nd Jupiter and the 12th Saturn from Atma- karaka is Jupiter. Dhanus Dasa Sthira Dasa commences from the 81st year of the native and Kumbha Bhukthi starts when the native is aged 8 1, years 6 months. He died in his 82nd year. Preliminary Remarks The crux of the problem in astrology is horoscope- judgment. I have collected combinations bearing on the different Bhavas scattered in different Adhyayas. Karakamsa We have already seen in article 8 that Atmakaraka is the planet who gets the highest number of degrees in a sign.
Karakamsa is the Navamsa occupied by Atmakaraka. The physical features, complexion, etc. Planets rising in the Lagna, Navamsa Lagna, Varnada Lagna and in Kara- kamsa impart to the person their respective characteristics. Pranapada art. The person looks as though aged if Ketu occupies the 2nd from Lagnarudha art. Mercury and Venus in the 2nd or 5th give ugly jaws and lips.
Example 31 Judge the physical appearance of the native in the Standard Horoscope. This word basically has two part- Karaka i. Atmakaraka and Amsa i. The sign of the Navamsa Lagna is known as Lagnamsa. If there is any connection beween them, The desire of the Atmakaraka Planet will be fulfilled.
The Trine 5th and 9th house of the Karakamsa Lagna is very crucial for spiritual growth as 5th and 9th house is known as dharma house in vedic astrology. You can read How to study Navamsa Chart. The Karakamsa Lagna and 10th house from it indicates about the career of a individual. There is another way to check the career from Karakamsa. Use the Planets position as per the original rasi chart but instead of using the Lagna or Ascendant of Rasi chart, use Karakamsa as the Lagna. For example if a person is born with Mesh rashi and he is having Jupiter Atmakaraka and Jupiter is plaed in Sagittarius Navamsa.
So Sagittarius will become the Karakamsa Lagna. This approach will also give hints about the career. Book Your Consultation! If a Natual Malefic Planet like Rahu becomes AK, it signifies very good spiritual development whereas Benefic planet signifies much less. Rahu was the Atmakaraka for Ramkrishna Paramhansa. But the Vimhottori Dasha of Atmakaraka planet is very troublesome and full of sufferings specially if it is malefic. But if a person is spiritually inclined, it will be helpful in its dasha. This has to be seen from the nature of the planet which becomes the AK.
Atmakaraka should not only be strong but also very supportive of the lagna and lagnesha. More specifically, the position and strength of Atmakaraka planet in D60 chart will indicate past life Karma. One more important thing, in Jaimini astrology, 7th house from Atmakaraka Planet is crucial for judging the married life of a person also. So Sun is natural Atmakaraka for every human being. When Sun is also char atmakaraka, the person automatically posses Leadership qualities. He is Authoritative and self confident. But he will be egoistic. He need to learn how to overcome the Ego and become humble.
This is the purpose of the soul in this birth. Moon Atmakaraka-With Moon Atmakaraka , The person is very compassionate, kind hearted and friendly in nature. He should understand the sufferings and unhappiness. Mars Atmakaraka-When Mars is the Atmakaraka Planet, the Person is bestowed with valor, energy, strength, ability to carry out difficult task. But he should follow the path of Non Violence. This is the lesson which he needs to learn in this Life. He must understand the difference between passion and aggression.
With Atmakaraka Mars in birth chart, The control of energy and anger is most important. Mercury Atmakaraka-When Mercury is Atmakaraka, The person become very adaptable, quick learner, witty and intelligent. But he should be truthful and control his speech. Jupiter Atmakaraka- When Jupiter is Atmakaraka in Horoscope, The native should always respect his guru or seniors and care his children. Jupiter is the Karaka for children, Guru, elderly person. So we should be concerned and careful about these aspect of life.
With Jupiter Atmakaraka we have to learn lessons about these areas of life. We have some unfinished Karma from past lives regarding the area Atmakaraka Jupiter signifies. Venus Atmakaraka-When Venus becomes Atmakaraka Planet, the person enjoys luxury, wealth and all sort of comfort in life. But with Venus Atmakaraka, he should have very clean character and understand the difference between Love and Lust. Saturn Atmakaraka-This is a tough position. The person will not only absorb his pain and sufferings but also of others.
It will give him the ability to work very hard. With Saturn Atmakaraka, the soul need to learn to overcome loneliness and harsh reality of life. But this is good for spiritual growth. Rahu Atmakaraka-This is also a tough position. The person with rahu Atmakaraka may be cheated by others several time. He will be very simple and innocent. But we must remember that Rahu is always retrograde. However other retrograde planets are calculated in the usual way For e. If this degree is greater than of any other planet, then Rahu Ketu will be considered the Atmakaraka.
Retrograde Atmakaraka generally signifies some very deep rooted unfulfilled desire from not only past birth but from several births. But Rahu as Atmakaraka Planet is also a very good for spiritual growth. If there is any connection either by conjunction or mutual aspect or exchange between Atmakaraka and amatyakaraka, it is a grand Raj Yoga. Amatyakaraka planet is the planet with second highest degree in birth chart. This plays a very crucial role determining the profession of an individual. The Amatyakaraka Planet needs to be seen from Karakamsa Lagna for determining career growth.
The Mahadasha of Atmakaraka may not be very good for materialistic pursuits but dasha of Amatyakaraka Planet if well placed will bring lot of materialistic gain. Ishta devata:Karakamsa Lagna and 12th house from it shows the Ishta Devata of the native. This is the house signifying the emancipation of the soul and we have to examine this house to know about ishta devata.
If there is one planet in 12th house from Karakamsa, the rulling deity of that planet becomes the Ishta devata. If there is more than one planet, we have to choose the strongest one. If there is no planet, we need to see the aspect. If no planet is aspecting the 12th house of Karakamsa, we have to consider the 12th lord. But Remember, Ishta devata is not for materialistic gain. It is for learing the karmic backlog and progress in the path of Moksha.
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